Profil kuman pada infeksi saluran kemih di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Sanglah Bali tahun 2019-2020
Keywords:Infeksi Saluran Kemih, sensitivitas, resistensi
Background: As many as 150 million people worldwide have experienced urinary tract infections. Bacteria and fungi are agents that cause urinary tract infections that can be found in the urine of a person who is indicated to have a urinary tract infection.
Objective: To determine the pattern of germs as well as the sensitivity and resistance of antibiotics to bacteria that cause urinary tract infections in Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar.
Methods: This research is a descriptive study. The research subjects were obtained from the profile of the patient's urine culture supporting examination data at Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar Bali, December 2019 - June 2020.
Results: A total of 327 samples were tested, 207 (63.3%) women and 120 men (36.7%). the mean age of the samples was 55.04 SD. The bacteria in urine culture with a colony count of 105 that most commonly caused urinary tract infections were E. coli as much as 130 (39.76%), Klebsiella pneumoniae ssp. pneumoniae as much as 36 (11.01%), Acinetobacter baumannii as much as 22 (6.73%), Proteus mirabilis as much as 15 (4.59%), Klebsiella oxytoca as much as 15 (4.59%).
Conclusion: Several considerations of antibiotics as a therapeutic option in microorganisms are as follows. E. coli with the antibiotic nitrofurantoin, Klebsiella pneumoniae ssp. Pneumoniae with the antibiotic meropenem, Acinetobacter baumannii with trimethoprin/sulfamethoxazole antibiotics, Proteus mirabilis with the antibiotic ceftriaxone, and Klebsiella oxytoca with the antibiotic gentamicin.
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