Hubungan kadar testosteron serum dengan kekuatan genggaman pada lanjut usia laki-laki

Authors

  • Ni Ketut Rai Purnami Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • RA Tuty Kuswardani Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • I Gusti Putu Suka Aryana Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • I Nyoman Astika Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • I B Putu Putrawan Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • I Nyoman Wande Departemen / KSM Patologi Klinik, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • Ni Nyoman Trisna Yuliharti Tersinanda Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36216/jpd.v4i1.134

Keywords:

Testosteron, Kekuatan Genggaman, Lansia Laki-laki

Abstract

Background: Many elder peoples in the community suffering from frailty syndrome and sarcopenia. One of the important components in the occurrence of frailty and sarcopenia is the decrease in muscle strength that can withstand grip strength. Various factors influence, one of which is the level of testosterone hormone. There are still some controversial results regarding the relationship between testosterone levels and hand grip strength.

Objective: This study aimed to prove that testosterone levels are associated with grip strength in elderly men.

Methods: This study is an analytic cross-sectional study in an urban area in Bali. The study was started by giving informed consent to the research subjects, then examination using a handgrip dynamometer, and taking blood samples to check testosterone levels. The relationship between testosterone levels and grip strength was analyzed using the Spearman test using SPSS edition 24 software.

Results: A total of 62 elderly men in urban areas in Bali were involved in this study. The mean age was 69,26 years old. The subjects' comorbid diseases were assessed by a CACI score with a mean score of 2,87. The mean value of testosterone levels was 421,79 ng / mL with a minimum value of serum testosterone levels of 0,05 ng / ml, a maximum value of 12,63 ng / ml. It was proven that there was a significant relationship between testosterone levels and grip strength in elderly men (p = 0.031, r = 0,274).

Conclusion:  Testosterone levels associated with hand grip strength in elderly man.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Ni Ketut Rai Purnami, Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

RA Tuty Kuswardani, Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

I Gusti Putu Suka Aryana, Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

I Nyoman Astika, Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

I B Putu Putrawan, Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Divisi Geriatri, Departemen / KSM Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

I Nyoman Wande, Departemen / KSM Patologi Klinik, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Departemen / KSM Patologi Klinik, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Ni Nyoman Trisna Yuliharti Tersinanda, Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana / RSUP Sanglah, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

References

Wagner PR, Ascenço S, Wibelinger LM. Hand grip strength in the elderly with upper limbs pain. Rev Dor 2014; 15: 182–185.

Tieland M, Verdijk LB, De Groot LCPGM, et al. Handgrip strength does not represent an appropriate measure to evaluate changes in muscle strength during an exercise intervention program in frail older people. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2015; 25: 27–36.

Chiu HT, Shih MT, Chen WL. Examining the association between grip strength and testosteron. Aging Male 2019; 0: 1–8.

Damayanthi HDWT, Moy FM, Abdullah KL, et al. Handgrip Strength and Its Associated Factors among Community-dwelling Elderly in Sri Lanka: A Cross-sectional Study. Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci) 2018; 12: 231–236.

Ong HL, Abdin E, Chua BY, et al. Hand-grip strength among older adults in Singapore: A comparison with international norms and associative factors. BMC Geriatr 2017; 17: 1–11.

Gopinath B, Kifley A, Liew G, et al. Handgrip strength and its association with functional independence, depressive symptoms and quality of life in older adults. Maturitas 2017; 106: 92–94.

Anand A, Gajra A. Hand Grip Dynamometry as Prognostic and Predictive Marker in Older Patients With Cancer. J Gerontol Geriatr Res; 07. Epub ahead of print 2018. DOI: 10.4172/2167-7182.1000471.

Kim BJ, Lee SH, Isales CM, et al. Association of serum TSH with handgrip strength in community-dwelling euthyroid elderly. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018; 103: 3986–3992.

Emmelot-vonk MH. Mariëlle Emmelot-Vonk. 2015.

Saad F, Röhrig G, Von Haehling S, et al. Testosteron Deficiency and Testosteron Treatment in Older Men. Gerontology 2017; 63: 144–156.

Riviati N, Setiati S, Laksmi PW, et al. Factors Related with Handgrip Strength in Elderly Patients. Acta Med Indones 2017; 49: 215–219.

Kim CR, Jeon YJ, Jeong T. Risk factors associated with low handgrip strength in the older Korean population. PLoS One 2019; 14: 1–14.

Bilajac L, Juraga D, Zuljevic H. The influence of physical Activity on handgrip strength of elderly. Arch Gerontol Geriatr Res 2019; 4: 020–024.

Hsu B, Cumming RG, Handelsman DJ. Testosteron, frailty and physical function in older men. Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab 2018; 13: 1–7.

Morley JE, Kim MJ, Haren MT. Frailty and hormones. Rev Endocr Metab Disord 2005; 6: 101–108.

Walther A, Seuffert J. Testosteron and dehydroepiandrosterone treatment in ageing men: Are we all set? World J Mens Health 2020; 38: 178–190.

Eichholzer M, Barbir A, Basaria S, et al. Serum sex steroid hormons and frailty in older American men of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). Aging Male 2012; 15: 208–215.

Nam Y-S, Lee G, Yun JM, et al. Testosteron Replacement, Muscle Strength, and Physical Function. World J Mens Health 2018; 36: 110.

Published

2020-06-20

How to Cite

1.
Purnami NKR, Kuswardani RT, Aryana IGPS, Astika IN, Putrawan IBP, Wande IN, Tersinanda NNTY. Hubungan kadar testosteron serum dengan kekuatan genggaman pada lanjut usia laki-laki. Udayana In. Med. [Internet]. 2020Jun.20 [cited 2021Mar.2];4(1):19-23. Available from: https://jpdunud.org/index.php/JPD/article/view/134