The association between body mass index, hypertension, and lifestyle on cardiovascular disease in Indonesian elderly

Authors

  • Venna Bella Sabatina Faculty of Medicine and Health Science Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Pluit Raya street No.2, North Jakarta Indonesia 14440
  • Yvonne Suzy Handajani Faculty of Medicine and Health Science Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Pluit Raya street No.2, North Jakarta Indonesia 14440
  • Nelly Tina Widjaja Faculty of Medicine and Health Science Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Pluit Raya street No.2, North Jakarta Indonesia 14440

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36216/jpd.v6i2.180

Keywords:

Elderly, BMI, hypertension, lifestyle, heart disease

Abstract

Background : Cardiovascular disease is one of the non-communicable diseases that causes most deaths in Indonesia. According to data from the Ministry of Health, coronary heart disease is the leading cause of all deaths at 26.4%. The rate of heart disease increases at a concerning pace every year, affecting at least 15 in 1000 Indonesians.

Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between BMI, hypertension, and lifestyle to heart disease in the elderly communities in Indonesia.

Methods: This study is a cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study that uses secondary data from a questionnaire in the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) 5 IIIB book. The sample includes elderly people in Indonesia who met both the inclusion and exclusion criteria and are registered as respondents in IFLS-5. The bivariate analysis used the Chi-Square test and the multivariate analysis used the multivariate logistic regression test.

Result: The result shows that there is a significant relationship between gender (p= 0.000; OR = 0.492; 95% CI= 0.351-0.691), education (p= 0.003; OR= 0.584; 95% CI= 0.409-0.833), BMI (p= 0.041; OR=1.748; 95% CI= 1.023-2.987), and smoking habits (p= 0.000; OR= 0.202; 95% CI= 0.125-0.327) with cardiovascular disease. The most significant factor is BMI (p= 0.041; OR=1.748; 95% CI= 1.023-2.987).

Conclusion: Gender, education, BMI, and smoking habits have a significant relationship with heart disease. BMI is the most significant factor and act as a risk factor of cardiovascular disease.

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Author Biographies

  • Venna Bella Sabatina, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Pluit Raya street No.2, North Jakarta Indonesia 14440

    Faculty of Medicine and Health Science Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Pluit Raya street No.2, North Jakarta Indonesia 14440

  • Yvonne Suzy Handajani, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Pluit Raya street No.2, North Jakarta Indonesia 14440

    Faculty of Medicine and Health Science Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Pluit Raya street No.2, North Jakarta Indonesia 14440

  • Nelly Tina Widjaja, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Pluit Raya street No.2, North Jakarta Indonesia 14440

    Faculty of Medicine and Health Science Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Pluit Raya street No.2, North Jakarta Indonesia 14440

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Published

2022-12-30

How to Cite

1.
The association between body mass index, hypertension, and lifestyle on cardiovascular disease in Indonesian elderly. Udayana In. Med. [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 23];6(2):45-9. Available from: https://jpdunud.org/index.php/JPD/article/view/180

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