Comparison handgrip strength, gait speed, activity of daily living between community dwelling and nursing home in population- base elderly at Bali

Authors

  • I Gusti Gede Agung Ngurah Study Programme of Internal Medicine, Udayana University / Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • IGP Suka Aryana Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • R.A. Tuty Kuswardhani Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • I Nyoman Astika Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • Ida Bagus Putrawan Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • Ni Ketut Rai Purnami Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36216/jpd.v6i1.110

Keywords:

activity of daily living, community dwelling, elderly, gait speed, handgrip strength, nursing home

Abstract

Background: Age, muscle strength, gait speed, functional activity have correlation to another, because if have decrease of result, it will increase risk to making geriatric syndrome including sarcopenia and frailty, and giving high risk morbidity and mortality elderly, based on that we will compare handgrip strength, gait speed and activity of daily living in elderly people in population in community with population in nursing home because of that has been little explored this problem.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the comparison handgrip strength, gait speed and activity of daily living between community and nursing home in population-based elderly.

Methods: This is an observational analytic study, data we collect from cross sectional study in community and nursing home. Handgrip strength, gait speed and activity of daily living score were recorded to statistical program; p<0.05 was considered as statistically significant.

Results: Sixty two geriatric sample from community and nursing home. We use Mann-Whitney method. There is significant difference of handgrip strength, gait speed and activity of daily living between elderly living in community and elderly living in nursing home. Handgrip strength (17.8+6.6 VS 14.2+6.1; P=0.008), gait speed (0.53 ± 0.187 VS 0.36 ± 0.07; P=0.000) and activity of daily living (19.1 ± 1.8 VS 12.1± 4.6; P=0.000)

Conclusion: Our study showed decrease handgrip strength, gait speed and activity of daily living in nursing home versus community dwelling and this can make increase risk severe morbidity and mortality in elderly at Bali.

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Author Biographies

I Gusti Gede Agung Ngurah, Study Programme of Internal Medicine, Udayana University / Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Study Programme of Internal Medicine, Udayana University / Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

IGP Suka Aryana , Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

R.A. Tuty Kuswardhani , Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

I Nyoman Astika, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Ida Bagus Putrawan, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Ni Ketut Rai Purnami , Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

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Published

2022-07-13

How to Cite

1.
Ngurah IGGA, Aryana IS, Kuswardhani RT, Astika IN, Putrawan IB, Purnami NKR. Comparison handgrip strength, gait speed, activity of daily living between community dwelling and nursing home in population- base elderly at Bali. Udayana In. Med. [Internet]. 2022 Jul. 13 [cited 2022 Aug. 15];6(1):16-8. Available from: https://jpdunud.org/index.php/JPD/article/view/110