Comparison handgrip strength, gait speed, activity of daily living between community dwelling and nursing home in population- base elderly at Bali
Keywords:activity of daily living, community dwelling, elderly, gait speed, handgrip strength, nursing home
Background: Age, muscle strength, gait speed, functional activity have correlation to another, because if have decrease of result, it will increase risk to making geriatric syndrome including sarcopenia and frailty, and giving high risk morbidity and mortality elderly, based on that we will compare handgrip strength, gait speed and activity of daily living in elderly people in population in community with population in nursing home because of that has been little explored this problem.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the comparison handgrip strength, gait speed and activity of daily living between community and nursing home in population-based elderly.
Methods: This is an observational analytic study, data we collect from cross sectional study in community and nursing home. Handgrip strength, gait speed and activity of daily living score were recorded to statistical program; p<0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
Results: Sixty two geriatric sample from community and nursing home. We use Mann-Whitney method. There is significant difference of handgrip strength, gait speed and activity of daily living between elderly living in community and elderly living in nursing home. Handgrip strength (17.8+6.6 VS 14.2+6.1; P=0.008), gait speed (0.53 ± 0.187 VS 0.36 ± 0.07; P=0.000) and activity of daily living (19.1 ± 1.8 VS 12.1± 4.6; P=0.000)
Conclusion: Our study showed decrease handgrip strength, gait speed and activity of daily living in nursing home versus community dwelling and this can make increase risk severe morbidity and mortality in elderly at Bali.
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