Hubungan stigma dan lama terapi HIV/AIDS terhadap kualitas hidup pasien HIV/AIDS di Poliklinik VCT RSUP Sanglah Denpasar
Keywords:Stigma, duration of treatment, quality of live, HIV/AIDS
Background: Good quality of life is the expected goal of long-term treatment of HIV/AIDS patients. This quality of life can be influenced due to stigma of this disease. This stigma can affect psychic, loss of trust, work and patient social interaction.
Objective: Determine the relationship between stigma and duration of HIV/AIDS therapy on the quality of life patients with HIV/AIDS at Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar.
Methods: This was a cross sectional study with sampling of patients visiting the Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar VCT Clinic. The variable was assessed using Berger HIV Stigma Scale (HSS) and World Health Organization-Quality of Live HIV-BREF (WHOQOLHIV-BREF). Both of these instruments had been validated into Indonesian version. Data analysis using Pearson correlation to determine the correlation between stigma and duration of HIV/AIDS therapy on quality of life patients with HIV/AIDS.
Results: A total of 76 patients were sampled with an average length of treatment for 53,66 months. There was a significant relationship between stigma on the quality of life patients (p=0,04, r=-0,229), while the duration of treatment did not affect the quality of life patients (p=0,61, r=0,059). Stigma correlates with the quality of life based on WHOQOLHIV-BREF, especially from the psychological aspect (p=0,007, r=-0,306) and social aspects (p=0,04, r=-0,232).
Conclusion: Stigma was negatively correlated with the quality of life patients with HIV/AIDS. The higher the stigma experienced by patients, the lower the quality of life of these patients. The duration of patients underwent therapy did not relate to the quality of life patients with HIV/AIDS.
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