Profile of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in Oksibil Regional Public Hospital at 2020
Keywords:COPD, profile, risk factors, exacerbation, GOLD criteria
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease characterized by persistent respiratory symptoms and airflow limitation due to blocked airways and/or alveolar abnormalities caused by harmful particles or gases. COPD is the third leading cause of death in the world.
Objective: To determine the profile of COPD patients at Oksibil Regional Public Hospital.
Methods: This study implemented a descriptive study design. Sample acquisition was done with total sampling. All COPD patients from January until December 2020 were included in this study.
Result: This study obtained a total of 50 patients with COPD, with dominant of men aged > 60 years and worked as farmers. Most of patients have history of smoking, and those who use furnace or firewood. Most of patients with CAT score ≥ 10, with mMRC grades of 2-4. Based on the history of exacerbations, it was obtained that most with ≥ 2 times per year or minimum of one time with hospitalization. Based on the GOLD category, patients with the GOLD D category were the most numerous and the main symptom that made the patients come for treatment was shortness of breath.
Conclusion: Most COPD patients were more than 60 years old with smoking risk factors and GOLD D category.
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